Four Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence

July 22, 2021 | Louis Garrick | Online Courses

Four Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence

The evolution of technology has led to the development of various innovative systems. One of such systems is Artificial Intelligence.

You might have already heard of the name “Artificial Intelligence” or AI. Here’s a little overview. Artificial Intelligence is associated with creating intelligent computer systems. The type of systems that display features we link with Intelligence in human being’s behavior like reasoning, solving issues, learning, and understanding.

Four Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence
Four Major Branches of Artificial Intelligence

Thus, we can say that Artificial Intelligence is the practice of computer action, identification, and reasoning. Artificial Intelligence includes granting the power of imitating or copying human behavior. Therefore, we can say that Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, and Data Learning are all linked together. 

Overview of Artificial Intelligence:

If we accurately define the term Artificial Intelligence, then we can say that;

“A computer or machine can copy human intelligence, learn and gain from experiences and change to the newest information to carry out distinctive human-like-tasks.”

Artificial Intelligence enables the computer to perform activities perceptively and logically to generate adaptability, productivity, and precision. Seeing the benefits, different tech companies are trying to implement AI into their businesses for interventions and interference.

There are several examples of AI in different industries. For instance, in social media, you can see the automated reportage. Moreover, mobile banking, automated emails, chatbots, and fraud detection are other common examples of Artificial Intelligence.

Overview of Artificial Intelligence
Overview of Artificial Intelligence

Four Branches of Artificial Intelligence:

Artificial Intelligence comes with a vast set of techniques like vision, bias, planning, decision science, language processing, etc. Let’s dive a little deeper and learn more about the major branches of Artificial Intelligence. Have a look.

Machine Learning:

If we talk about the artificial intelligence branch in engineering, then Machine Learning is the one. As a machine learning engineer, you’ll have to deploy distinctive Machine Learning techniques and algorithms to provide high-quality products to consumers.

In simple terms, ML is a technique that allows computers to learn and adapt without programming. It is a science that allows machines to learn, execute, translate, investigate and solve real-like world problems.

Based on the available information, data professionals choose different kinds of machine learning. These types are:

  1. Supervised learning
  2. Unsupervised learning
  3. Reinforcement learning

Therefore, if you are good with algorithms and ML techniques, this is a perfect career option.

Machine Learning
Machine Learning

Neural Network:

The meaning is quite evident from its name – Neural Network. This branch of artificial Intelligence mainly deals with the use of neurology, cognitive science, and machines. The Neural Network duplicates the human brain and then codes these neurons.

So, in simple words, we can say that it is a set of algorithms used to search for the elemental relationships across loads of information through the process that copies human brain operating systems. With the help of neural networks and mathematical functions, a neural network scientist applies techniques to complete different tasks.

Neural Network
Neural Network


One of the most trending fields of artificial Intelligence in Robotics. It mainly revolves around development and research to develop high-tech robots. Experts in robotics mainly incorporate mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, computer science, and other aspects of engineering to form high-end robots.

It helps in establishing, designing, operating, and using robots. It deals with intelligence outcomes, data transformation, and control.  


Expert Systems:

Expert Systems are designed to solve complex issues through the bodies of expertise, stated especially in the “if-then” rules instead of a typical schedule. As a professional in expert systems, you’ll have to deal with the responsiveness, understanding, and high execution of the different techniques in artificial Intelligence.

Final Thoughts:

If we talk about advanced technology, then one of the toughest ones is Artificial Intelligence. It is making a new buzz every day with the launch of innovative products now and then. With the latest technology like speech recognition, self-driving cars, navigation systems, and online assistants like Siri, Artificial Intelligence is slowly taking over the world. 

Thus, according to the rapid evolution of technology, Artificial Intelligence will soon take over. Hence, opting for a career in either of the artificial intelligence branches is the right choice.